What are the effective modes of planting under the forest?
Recently, peasant friends in Guoyang, Feixi, Guangde and other places have come to inquire; forestry development has formed rich forest resources and they are eager to cultivate under the forest, but what is the most suitable? Please introduce some new models for planting under the forest. According to relevant experts, understory planting and breeding is based on woodland resources, making full use of the Natural conditions under the forest, selecting the suitable animal and plant species for growth under the forest, and adopting an economic model of edible fungi and medicinal materials for rational planting. Understory planting mainly includes the following modes: 1. Forest grain (oil) model: In the first three years, low-stalk crops such as wheat, soybeans, peanuts, cotton, mung beans and other low-stalk crops are planted under the forest, and intercropping crops must maintain a certain distance from forest trees. Generally more than 50 cm, so as not to excessively damage young tree roots and compete for soil moisture, so that the growth and development of trees is not affected. Second, the forest vegetable model: According to the degree of light between the forest and the light of the vegetables to choose the species, but also according to the growth of the two seasons to select varieties. In the winter and spring, garlic and green onions are planted under the forest, and summer and autumn are interplanting wax gourds and pumpkins under the forest. Third, the forest medicine model: In the forest on the open land between the more tolerant shade of white peony root, honeysuckle, mint, yellow peony root, Adenophora, lily, glutinous rice, Daqingye, Salvia, Atractylodes and so on. Lin medicinal intercropping, trees provide shade conditions for medicinal herbs, in order to prevent summer heat and high temperature damage. At the same time, the understory intercropping herbs are mostly intensively intensively cultivated, which is conducive to improving the physical and chemical properties of the forest soil, increasing fertility, and promoting the growth of forest trees. Fourth, the forest and grass model: in canopy density below 80% of the woodland, can be cultivated alfalfa, ryegrass and other high-quality grass, can sell high-quality forage, but also stocking livestock and poultry. It is also possible to plant suitable lawns under the forest. Fifth, the mode of bacteria: In the greenhouse under the construction of greenhouses planted fungus, oyster mushroom, mushrooms, straw mushroom and coprinus comatus and other edible fungi. The large number of shoots under poplar construction is an important raw material for the cultivation of edible fungi, and the waste bacterium after harvesting the edible fungi is treated with a good organic fertilizer on the forest floor. The production cycle of edible fungi is generally no more than 3 months from the start of the bacterial sticks to the harvesting. The growth cycle of some varieties is even only one and a half months. The production period is short, which reduces investment risks and accelerates the pace of farmers' income increase; and the promotion of inter-planting As the forest grows, the edible mushroom needs to be sprayed with an appropriate amount of water. A large area of â€‹â€‹edible fungus production effectively retards the evaporation of water, so that the growth of forest trees ensures the need for water, thereby promoting the growth of trees. Six, forest and poultry mode: in the forest stocking or captive chickens, ducks, geese and other birds, each can put 60 to 100 acres. The understory grasses and insects can supplement the feed of chickens, ducks and geese. The manure of chickens, ducks and geese can be treated to make fertilizer in the woodland. VII. Forest animal model: In the woods, forages are planted in the woods. Beefs, dairy cows, rabbits, sheep and other livestock are kept in the forest. Sheep are newly forbidden or released in the newly forested land so as not to harm the young trees. After the forest grows to be a middle-aged forest, Moderately stocking pigs, sheep and other livestock under the forest, this model is mainly carried out in plain flat timber land, the mountain should not be developed.